Elements and Symbols in the Graphic-Area

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Elements and Symbols in the Graphic-Area

Elements and their Graphical Symbols

MechDesigner uses symbols to represent different elements in the graphic-area.

You can change the size and colors of the symbols with Application Options | Accessibility > Graphics > Symbol Display Size

Symbols in the Graphic Area

GA-Symbol-Planes

Planes in the Model-Editor.

The model has three fixed Planes in the Model-Editor.

Model Axes in the Model-Editor

The model shows the fixed Red, Green and Blue axes. They locate the Origin of the Model.

GA-Symbol-Planes-Mech

Planes in the Mechanism-Editor.

The axes on each Plane show its orientation.

The smaller Red, Green and Blue axes are the X, Y, and Z-axes, respectively.

The axes intersect at the Origin of the Plane.

GA-Symbol-Parts

Part-Outlines: Added Parts and Base-Part

The Part-Outline is the symbol for a Part.

To edit a Part, you must select the Part-Outline.

The Part-Outline symbol for an Added-Part is an ovalRed-14-1b

The Part-Outline symbol for the Base-Part is a rectangleRed-14-2.

Each Part has its local x-axis and y-axis. They are at the start-Point of the Part.

Each added-Part has a CAD-LineRed-14-3 from its start-Point to its end-Point.

GA-Symbol-PArt-Colours

Part-Outlines:  solved and unsolved Parts

The Part-Outline can have two colors:

The Part-Outline is GreenRed-14-1b when it is a Solved Part. It has zero degrees-of-freedom

Other terms for a solved Part are: kinematically-defined Part, and Green Part.

The Part-Outline is BlueRed-14-2 when it is an Unsolved Part

Other terms for an Unsolved Part are: free Part, and Blue Part.

GA-Symbol-Pin-Joints

Pin-Joint in the Mechanism-Editor

When you Add Pin-Joint, you select a Point in two Parts.

The symbol for a Pin-Joint between Points in

two Added-Parts is a circle that is slightly larger than Point symbolRed-14-1b

an Added-Part and the Base-Part is a Position symbolRed-14-2

GA-Symbol-PArt-SlideJoint

Slide-Joint in the Mechanism-Editor

When you do Add Slide-Joint, you select a Line in two Parts.

This symbol for a Slide-Joint is:

a narrowRed-14-1b rectangle along one of the Lines

a wideRed-14-2 rectangle along the other Line

a small arrowheadRed-14-3. which indicates the positive direction of the slide-joint.

GA-Symbol-PartAxes

Part-Axes in the Mechanism-Editor

The Part-Axes symbols are 'small' in a Mechanism-Editor.

The Axes of the Base-PartRed-14-1b are at the Origin of Mechanism-Plane

The Axes of an Added-PartRed-14-2 are at the start-Point of the CAD-Line.

GA-Symbol-PartAxes-PE

Part Axes in the Part-Editor

The Part-Axes symbols are 'large' in the Part-Editor.

The X-axis is Orange

The Y-axis is Light Green

The length of the CAD-Line maybe longer or shorter than the X-axis.

If you zoom-in, the CAD-Line will appear to become longer relative to the axes.

PointMechanismPointPart

Point Symbols

In the Mechanism-Editor: Points may be BlueRed-14-1b (Not solved), or GreenRed-14-2 (solved)

In the Part-Editor: Points may be BlueRed-14-2 (Not defined), or BlackRed-14-4 (defined)

Circle-PointCircle-Point-end-Point

'+' : center-Points (center of Arcs and Circles)

'O' : start-point or end-point of Lines or Arcs.

'CirclePlus' : start-Point or end-Point that is coincident with a center-Point

Points that are Not Locked

Not Locked

Points that are Locked

Locked

The 'Locked Point' Symbol

When you use the Point Vectors and Location dialog to 'Lock and Specify' a Point in a Part, the Points show as 'Small Dowel Symbols'.

Velocity and Acceleration Vectors

A Vector Symbol

You can show vectors in the graphic-area when you:

Use the Point: Vector Display and Location dialog-box to show the Velocity-Vector and Acceleration-Vectors of a Point.

Use Force Calculations and show the Force-Vectors and Torque-Vectors.

Function-Blocks-Connectors-2

Function-Block input-connector and output-connector Symbols

Function-BlocksRed-14-1b are a graphical icons that represent their function.

The input-connectorsRed-14-2 are to the left-side of the Function-Blocks.

The output-connectorsRed-14-3 are to the right-side of the Function-Blocks.

WiresRed-14-4 are from an output-connector to an input-connector.

MD-Symbol-Motors

Motor Symbol

When you show Forces, the Motor SymbolRed-14-1b that drives a Joint is the 'Power Source'.

This image shows the Motor at a Pin-JointRed-14-2.

You can move the Motor to a different joint, as required.

GA-Symbol-Spring

Spring

The Spring FB element has three symbols in the graphic-area:

Symbol Red-14-1b: FB - see below Spring FB connectors

Symbol Red-14-2: Spring between the anchor-points

Symbol Red-14-3: Dimension between the anchor-points.

QST12-31

Ball-Joint and Connecting-Part Symbol

The Ball-JointRed-14-1b has its own symbol.

Edit its radius in the Ball-Joint dialog-box.

The Connecting-PartRed-14-2 symbol replaces the Part-Outline when you join a Part to a different Part with two Ball-Joints.

MassProperties

Mass Symbol

Profile Mass: When you add a Profile, the Extrusion has Mass. A small dowel symbol shows at the center-of-Mass of each ProfileRed-14-2.

Total MassRed-14-1b: When you show Forces, the center-of-Mass Symbol is a small dowel. The Total Mass is given near to the center-of-Mass symbol. The color of the symbol is the same as the Part-Outline, which becomes a random color when you Display Forces.

Total Mass = Mass of Extrusions + Mass of Imported Solid + Mass of User Defined Mass.

CamContactPoints

2D-Cam Contact PointsRed-14-1b

When you add a 2D-Cam, the Contact points between the Cam and the Cam Follower are shown as small dowel symbols.

If these Points do not delete when you delete a cam, then edit the Cam-Part, and delete them.

MotionPath-Point2

Motion-Points

The Symbol for a Motion-Point is a small triangle inside a small circle.

The circle is slightly smaller than the standard symbol for a Point.

Gear-PairOption1Ex

Gear-Pairs

The Symbol for a Gear is two involute Gears, Red-14-1bRed-14-2

The Gear-Pair is a kinematic-element - it transmits motion from its input part to the output-part.

You can edit the number-of-teeth, and other parameters.

Symbol-Pulleys

Pulleys

The Symbol for a Driving PulleyRed-14-1b is a different default color to a Driven PulleyRed-14-2

See Application Settings Graphics > Display colors.

A Belt can drive the Pullets, or a Pulley can drive the Belt.

Why is the Base-Part not Green when I had a Mechanism-Editor?

BasePart-Forces-on

The Base-Part is a Random color.

If the Base-Part is a not Green:

Icon-Force-Vectors-Show Forces toolbar > Display Forces is Show Force Vectors.

When this icon is set to display Force Vectors, each Part is given a random color.

To make the Part Green, you should:

Icon-Force-Vectors-HideClick the Forces toolbar >Display Forces to Hide Force Vectors

When the icon is gray the Base-Part should be Green.

Why can I not see the Base-Part properly?

BasePart partial hidden by a Plane.

BasePart partial hidden by a Plane.

The Base-Part is being hidden by a Plane.

This is because:

Icon-ShowModelinMechVisibility toolbar > Show Model in Mechanism is Show Model

When the Model is being shown in the Mechanism, we also show the Planes.

You can:

Icon-Visibility-ModelinMech-HideClick Visibility toolbar > Show Model in Mechanism to Hide Model

 

- or -

Icon-DispFilt-PlanesClick Display toolbar > Display Planes to Hide Planes

 

Why is the Base-Part Grey?

BasePart-Sketch-on

BasePart-Sketch-on-iso

The Base-Part is being hidden by the Base-Part in a Mechanism-Editor that is front of the active Mechanism-Editor

Icon-Visibility-Other Mech-SHOW Visibility toolbar > Show other Kinematic and Sketch-Elements (Global Setting)

AND the Mechanism name-tab light-bulb is ON (Local Setting)

... you can see the Part-Outlines, joints and sketch-elements in the other Mechanism-Editors.

The Base-Part of a different Mechanism-Editor may be in front, or coplanar with the active Mechanism-Editor.

If you spin the model you may be able to see the Base-Part of the active Mechanism-Editor.

You may also need to edit the light-bulb name-tab, or