Step 2.7: Reconfigure to a 6-bar Whitworth Quick Return

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Step 2.7: Reconfigure to a 6-bar Whitworth Quick Return

Assemble a Whitworth Quick Return

You are going to design a 'Whitworth Quick-Return Mechanism'.

Why not start a new mechanism on a new Plane?

See also this link:

A new definition of a Kinematic-Chain:

A kinematic-chain may have:

One, or more, Motion-Parts

One, or more, Dyads

Notice 'or more' in the new definition of a kinematic-chain. This is because it is easy to add Dyads and to add more than one Motion-Part to a kinematic-chain.

A Whitworth Kinematic-Chain:

One Motion-Part

Two dyads

Remember, ALL Dyads have:

Two Parts

Three Joints

Whitworth : Dyads 1 and Dyad 2

Notes about Dyad 1


First, we should look at the Motion-Part and the first Dyad.

A Motion-Part – a CrankRed-14-6

A Dyad

The Dyad is assembled with:

Two Parts: one longRed-14-1b and one shortRed-14-2

Three Joints: a RPR Dyad

otwo Pin-Joints: join the long Part to the Base-PartRed-14-3 (frame); join the short Part to the CrankRed-14-4

oone Slide-JointRed-14-5 to join the long and the short Parts together

Which order do we add the Joints to add a new Dyad?

After you add the two Parts as Free Parts, it is frequently easiest to:

1.Add the outer Joints. They join the two new Parts to two existing Parts in the kinematic-chain that are kinematically-defined.

2.Join the two new Parts in the Dyad together – this makes the 'middle' Joint in the Dyad.

Now you do it....

Add the first and last joints of the Dyad:

Pin-JointRed-14-3 between the long part and the Base-Part: R – –

Pin-JointRed-14-4 between the short Part and the end of the Crank: R – R

Join the Parts together.

Slide-JointRed-14-5 to join the two Parts together: RPR

Now - remember about Closures? See Change Closure of a Dyad if the Dyad is in a Closure you do not expect. Keep using the same Change-Closure tool until the Dyad is in the closure you need.

Notes on Dyad 2


The image shows the second Dyad.

It is simple to add more Dyads, to make a more complex kinematic-chain.

In the image, the second Dyad has:

two more Parts: Red-14-7 and Red-14-8

the Parts are joined to two other Parts

oPartRed-14-1b - which is the Long Part of the first Dyad

oThe Base-Part

the Parts are also joined together.

Now you do it....Add the first and last joints of the Dyad:

Pin-JointRed-14-9 between the long part and one of the new Parts: R –x –x.

Slide-JointRed-14-10a along the Base-Part: R –x–  P.

Pin-JointRed-14-11 joining the two Parts together: R–R–P.

Your challenge is to complete this mechanism. and put each Dyad in the correct 'Closure'.

Why not start a new mechanism on a new Plane?