Hypotrochoid: Hypocycloid, Contracted and Protracted

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Hypotrochoid: Hypocycloid, Contracted and Protracted


Hypocycloid and Hypotrochoid Curves

Hypotrochoid Curves are produced by a Point an Gear-Pair, with an Internal Mesh.

The Gear that Orbits can be Inside or Outside the Stationary Gear.


Orbiting Inside: The standard Hypocycloid Gears - see below

Orbiting Outside The Peritrochoid Gears - See Peritrochoid Curves

The shape of the Hypotrochoid curve depends on the ratio of the gear-teeth. With gears, the ratio is a rational number. Therefore, the curve will repeat eventually, even if the gear ratio is a ratio of two prime numbers.


Inside The Orbiting Gear is half the diameter of the fixed gear: 1 : 2

CurveRed-14-2 is the Hypocycloid

It is of the Point on the pitch-circle of the Orbiting Gear - . It is straight line.

Hypotrochoid Curves

The Hypotrochoid Curves are ellipses.

CurvesRed-14-3Red-14-4 are of Point on the outside the pitch-circle .

CurveRed-14-1b is of a Point  on inside of the pitch-circle.


The revolving gear inside has 36T:  the outside gear has 48T


The image shows one trace point that is on the pitch-circle

It is the Hypocycloid.


The image shows two curves of points outside the pitch-circle.

You can see the curve is near to a square.

You can use the Euler-Savary Equation to calculate the best distance from the center of the orbiting gear to give a curve with the best straight-line curve.





One curve that is given by a point on the pitch-circle - it is the Hypocycloid

The Gear Ratio is 48:18

Straight Line Curve with Hypocycloid Gears - Internal Mesh

The Video shows the Trace-Point follows a perfectly straight line.

You can see that the smaller gear has half the teeth of the other.

This is the standard Hypocycloid Straight-Line Epicyclic Gear-Pair configuration.