﻿ Getting Started Tutorials - MechDesigner > Tutorial 11: Two Degrees-of-Freedom Kinematic-Chains

# Tutorial 11: Two Degrees-of-Freedom Kinematic-Chains

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# Tutorial 11: Two Degrees-of-Freedom Kinematic-Chains

## Two Degree of Freedom Kinematic-Chains

Terminology:

 Rectilinear Translation : All points in a Part have the same translating and parallel motions. Curvilinear Translation : All points in a Part have the same, but not necessarily straight, motions.

Background: A Point that moves along an XY-Path

 If a Point has a motion on the Mechanism-Plane, we can think of the Point's: A.Path (trace) on the Plane   AND its B.Motion along the Path In MechDesigner, to control the motion of a Point on the Mechanism-Plane, you can use: 1.Piggyback Sliders : Slider(A) onto which you add Slider(B). Design motions for Slider(A) and Slider(B). OR 2.Motion-Path FB : sketch the Path. Design a motion for the Motion-Point along the Path. There are designs that are easier with Piggyback Sliders and others that are easier with a Motion-Path FB. This tutorial uses Piggyback Sliders. For a Tutorial that uses the Motion Path FB, see

### Two Degree-of-Freedom Kinematic-Chains

#### Examples: Two Degree-of-Freedom

 An example application of a Piggyback Slider: A tool (say a vacuum cup) must take a carton from a stationary magazine and insert it into a pocket on a moving conveyor. To place the carton, you must move the tool at the same linear speed as the moving conveyor (say, the X-direction) and also move it down into the pocket (say, the Y-direction) at the same time. To make sure the carton does not touch the sides of the pocket, we must synchronize the motion of the tool in both the X and Y directions. This design problem is usually easier with Piggyback Sliders.

#### Robots: XY-Path to give the letters 'MD'

2D Planar, Curvilinear Motion

A Plane that is coplanar with a fixed-plane has 3 degrees-of-freedom.

However, if each Point on the Plane has the same XY-motion - that is, the Plane does not rotate relative to the fixed frame - then it has Curvilinear Motion.

 Planar Guidance Click to Play Video In this model: •There are three fixed motors, shown as black cylinders, to the frame. •There a Part (a Dark Green color) that is connected to each motor. •There is platform that does not rotate relative to the frame. •We can use this motion to do DNA sequencing.