Add Pulley

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Add Pulley

Add Pulley

See also : Pulley dialog


Terminology:

Pulley :

A rotating-Part. It is a wheel with teeth around its circumference. The teeth engage with a Belt.

The angular motion of the Pulley and the linear motion of a Belt are related by the radius of the Pulley.

The number-of-teeth and the Tooth-Pitch control the radius of the Pulley

There are two types of Pulley.

Type 1: Driving Pulley :

The pre-defined angular motion of the Pulley controls the linear motion of the Belt.

Type 2: Driven Pulley :

The pre-defined linear motion of the Belt controls the angular motion of the Pulley.

Belt:

It is a Timing-Belt (we do not show you the Teeth on the Belt). The Belt does not slip relative to the Teeth on the Pulleys.


The shape of a sketch-path represents the path of the Belt. The motion of a Motion-Point on the sketch-path represents the motion of the Belt;

The sketch-path has an Arc for each Pulley. A Pulley must rotate about the center-Point of an Arc.

Kinematic State before you do Add Pulley.

Type 1: Driving-Pulley: A rotating-Part is kinematically-defined.

Type 2: Driven-Pulley: A rotating-Part is not kinematically-defined.

Kinematic State after you do Add Pulley.

Type 1: The rotating-Part is kinematically-defined. It is a Driving-Pulley.

The motion of the Pulley, its number-of-teeth, and the tooth-pitch now specify the motion of the Motion-Point along the sketch-path (the Belt).


Type 2: The rotating-Part is kinematically-defined. It is a Driven-Pulley.

The motion of the Motion-Point along the sketch-path (the Belt), the Tooth-Pitch and the Number-of-Teeth on the Pulley, now specify the motion of the Pulley.


Kinematics-Tree of Pulley

MD-ADD-PULLEY-KINEMATIC-TREE

Driven-Pulley

It is a Pulley-Rocker in the Kinematics-Tree after you do Add Pulley.

A Path-Joint is a child to the Pulley-Rocker.

Driving-Pulley

It is a Part that is kinematically-defined in the Kinematics-Tree before you do Add Pulley.

For example, a Driving-Pulley in the Kinematics-Tree is a Rocker.


Prepare to do Add Pulley (TYPICAL)

Prepare the sketch-path for the Belt.

Sketch-loop as the path of the Belt.

Sketch-loop as the path of the Belt.

Preparation 1: Add a sketch-path to represent the path of the Belt.

The sketch-path should include only Lines and Arcs. Usually, add Tangent constraints between each Line and Arc. Do not add equal constraints to the Arcs. The sketch-path is usually a closed sketch-loop. It is usually helpful to fully define the geometry of the sketch-path.

1.Mechanism-Editor: Edit the Base-Part (usually) or Part

2.Part-Editor: Add a sketch-path to represent the path of the Belt

3.Part-Editor: Add Tangent constraints between each Line and Arc.

4.Part-Editor: Add a dimension to the radius of each Arc. (Do not add Equal constraints between Arcs)

If the rotating-Part is a Rocker:

5.Part-Editor: Add a Line from the center-Point of the Arc that is the rotating-axis of the Rocker / Pulley

You need the Line to add a Motion-Dimension FB to the rotating-Part.

A Line for a Motion-Dimension FB

A Line for a Motion-Dimension FB

Add the Motion-Path FB to the sketch-path

MD-ADD-PULLEY-MOTIONPATH-FB-3

Preparation 2: MOTION-PATH FB

Add ONE Motion-Path FB to the sketch-path.

1.Click Kinematic FB toolbar > Add Motion-Path FB.

2.Click a sketch-element in the sketch-path

The Motion-Path FB is in the graphic-area.

A Motion-Point is at the start-Point of the sketch-element you click.

Prepare the Rotating-Parts that become the Pulleys

A Pulley is a Driving-Pulley or Driven-Pulley. It is a rotating-part.

rotating-Part for a Driving-Pulley

rotating-Part for a Driving-Pulley

Preparation 3A: TYPE 1: DRIVING-PULLEY

A Driving-Pulley is a rotating-Part that is kinematically-defined.

Add a maximum of ONE Driving-Pulley to a Belt.

3.Add a Rocker with its Pin-Joint at the center-Point of the Arc with a Line (see Preparation 1: 5, above)

OR

3.Add Parts to the model, in which there is a rotating-Part with its Pin-Joint at the center of the Arc in the sketch-path of the Belt - it is kinematically-defined.

rotating-Part for a Driven-Pulley

rotating-Part for a Driven-Pulley

Preparation 3b: TYPE 2: DRIVEN-PULLEY

The motion of the Belt and the Pitch-Circle Diameter specify the motion of Driven-Pulleys.

The rotating-Part is not kinematically-defined before you do Add Pulley.

4.Add rotating-Parts to be Driven-Pulleys, with a Pin-Joints at the -Point of each Arc with a Driven-Pulley.


Add Pulley

MD-CM-AddPulley-1

STEP 1: Click Add Pulley

Add Rack-Pinion Ball-Screw icon

1.Mechanism-Editor: Add menu > Mechanism menu  > Add Pulley

- or -

1.Mechanism-Editor: Machine-elements toolbar > Add Pulley

There are four elements to select in the Command-Manager

STEP 2: Click the four elements

1.Click a Pin-Joint at the center of a rotating-Part*.

2.Click the Motion-Path FB.

The Part-Editor opens

3.Click the dimension that controls the radius of the Arc.

The Part-Editor closes

4.Click the rotating-Part* that has a Pin-Joint (see 1) at the center-Point of the Arc (see 3)

* If the rotating-Part is :

is kinematically-defined - the motion of the Pulley moves the Belt (Driving-Pulley).

is not kinematically-defined - the motion of the Belt moves the Pulley (Driven-Pulley).


STEP 3: Complete the Command

5.Command-Manager: Click OK-tiny-11-15 in the Command-Manager.

Result:

The image shows two Pulleys. You must do Add Pulley two times.

New Pulley schematic shows in the graphic-area.

Use the Motion-Path dialog to edit the Tooth-Pitch and length of the Belt.

The Pulley has an integer number-of-teeth.

Use the Pulley dialog to edit the number-of-teeth on each Pulley.

1 x Driving-Pulley (Purple) 1 x Driven-Pulley (Magenta)

1 x Driving-Pulley (Purple)
1 x Driven-Pulley (Magenta)


Do Add Pulley to add 1 x Pulley.

Video: Add Pulley:

 

Video: Add Pulley (and the Belt-Path)